Saturday, June 6, 2015

Eastern Pearl Tower

Eastern Pearl Tower(Sphere Form)
Name:Oriental Pearl Tower.
Author:Jia Huang Cheng                                                                               
Date:1991-1995(4 years)
Biography of author:
Structure & materials:The entire building is supported on three columns of oblique 7 meters in diameter that are started in the basement.
They are born of the three main vertical columns of 9 meters in diameter each that are responsible for joint successive spheres that make up the interior spaces of the tower.
Successive areas are constructed of steel and coated with triangular windows are tinted purple.
The middle column of the tower is made of the concrete with steel rods.

Eastern Pearl Tower
$ 100 million
Shanghai, China
Observation tower
Radio transmission tower
Stell and concrete
Tinted in purple
Maximum height
468 meters
Number of floors

History and interesting things: 
EASTERN PEARL TOWER …the symbol of Shanghai

It was designed by Jia Huan Cheng (1), a member of the Shanghai
Modern Architectural, who used a contemporary architectural design
but based on the ancient Chinese tradition.
The tower, surrounded by the Yangpu Bridge in the northeast and the
Nanpu Bridge in the southwest, creates a picture of 'twin dragons
playing with pearls'. The construction began in 1991 and was
completed in 1995.
The body of the tower consists of eleven spheres not of the uniform
size. It is located in Pudong Park in Lujiazui, Shanghai.
It is amazing that this ultra-modern tower combines ancient concepts
such as the spherical pearls, with 21st Century technology,
commerce, recreation, educational and conference facilities. All of this
and it really is a TV and radio tower that services the Shanghai area.
This 468 meters high  tower is the world's sixth and China's second
tallest. Its base is supported by three seven-meter wide slanting
stanchions. Surrounding the eleven steel spheres that are 'strung'
vertically through the center of the tower are three nine-meter wide
columns. There are three large spheres including the top sphere,
known as the space module. Then there are five smaller spheres and
three decorative spheres on the tower base. The entire structure
rests on rich green grassland and gives the appearance of pearls
shining on a jade plate.
The inner tower is a recreational palace, while the Shanghai Municipal
History Museum is located in the tower's pedestal. The large lower
sphere has a futuristic space city and a fabulous sightseeing hall.
The tower has three observatory levels. The highest is at 350 metres,
and is called the Space Module. The second is at 263 and 259 metres
and is called the Sightseeing Floor. And the lowest, the Space City, is
at 90 metres.
We think that...
It is a beutiful building and very futuristic,with a lot of sphere that represent this architectural style
Our Drawings:
Carlos: Valeria:

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Apple store (Marta Gonzalez de Herrero , Mercedes Pareja y Juan )

This building we have chosen is called NEW YORK APPLE STORE. It was designed by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson. It is located in the Fifth Avenue in New York. It is a glass cube, which a cylindrical glass elevator and a glass spiral staircase that goes to the underground store. It opens for the first time the 19 of May, 2006. It was reformed on 2011. Actually is one of the most famous buildings of the New York's city and It has lots of visits every day.


Is a United States-based architectural practice that was founded in 1965 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania by Peter Bohlin and Richard Powell
it is recognized for its distinguished portfolio of residential, university, commercial, cultural and government projects Ohlin Cywinski Jackson is known for emphasizing a strong relationship between buildings and their physical surroundings. In 1994, the practice received the American Institute of Architects Firm Award, which recognizes the design work of an entire firm. He built a lot of the Apple's stores around the world.


In 2003, when the still-aspiring property mogul Harry Macklowe finally hit the big-time with his purchase of the iconic GM Building for $1.4 billion in borrowed funds, one of his first concerns was how to fix the “problematic plaza,” as industry insiders and architects called the large and rather useless open space that extended from the front entrance to Fifth Avenue. So after long years thinking about some exhausting building to make, Bohing came up with a great idea, built one to attract people and make a meet point in New York. They hadn't thought that it would have so many successful, but after some days all the people knew where it is and what it is. It was brilliant, in the first year they earned more than million

It represents probably the purest form of transparent architecture. First, the cube is empty, avoiding the challenge of transparency, This building contrast with the surrounding buildings because of its transparency and black metal structural frame. Only five years after it was built, Apple closed the store temporarily to give it a hardware upgrade. They rebuilt the glass cube with even greater transparency and purity. In the new design, structural glass sheets run the whole way up the cube, so that each wall is now made up of only three panes. Its crystalline effect has given an extreme minimalism. Taking the transparency theme further, the entrance in the front of the cube leads into to a structural glass spiral staircase, winding around a cylindrical glass elevator.

The Apple Store has succeed in creating two new spaces, both above ground in the new square around the cube, and below ground in the store itself, open 24 hours a day. The 32-foot cube at the Apple Store is made from structural glass, with no metal framing

Each wall was made up of 18 glass sheets, with discreet steel fixings. The effect was clear, but crystalline.

We think that this cube building is fantastic, amazing, impressive and very modern. The design is beautiful and different. For us is great.

Resultado de imagen de apple store      Resultado de imagen de apple store

Mostrando DSC_0002.JPGResultado de imagen de apple store

Tuesday, June 2, 2015


Name of the Building:
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest which is a building included in The Temple of Heaven complex
There are no details about the architects who designed and built the Hall but the complex of The Temple of Heaven was constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the Yongle Emperor, who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing.
Yongle Emperor: Born 2 May 1360 – Died 12 August 1424. Born with the name of Zhu Di, the Yongle Emperor of Ming Dinasty embarked on an unprecedented series of ambitious projects. He lengthened and widened the Grand Canal, which carried grain and other goods from southern China to Beijing in the north. He built the Forbidden City and made it the capital of China. He was also involved in several wars and he personally led a number of attacks against the Mongols, who threatened the Ming's domination of the North of China.
Description of the complex where the building is:
The Temple of Heaven, founded in the first half of the 15th Century, is a complex of fine cult buildings set in gardens and surrounded by historic pine woods. It symbolizes the relationship between earth and heaven – the human world and God's world – which stands at the heart of Chinese culture, and also the special role played by the emperors within that relationship.
The architecture and layout of The Temple of Heaven is based on elaborate symbolism and numerology. In accordance with principles dating back to pre-Confucian times, the buildings in the Temple of Heaven are round, like the sky, while the foundations and axes of the complex are rectilinear, like the earth. Three principle structures lie along the primary north-south axis of the Temple of Heaven: The Circular Mound Altar, The Imperial Vault of Heaven and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests.
History of the building:
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is the highlight of the Temple of Heaven. Original built in 1420 (during the reign of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dinasty), the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests was the earliest building of the Temple of Heaven, and was also called the Hall of Great Sacrifice.
In 1751 (during the reign of Qianlong), it was restored and named the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests. The hall was destroyed by a thunderbolt in 1889 (during the reign of Guangxun) and rebuilt as it was a few years later.
Details about the building:
The hall is a cone-shaped structure with triple eaves. The circular hall is 32 meters in diameter and 38 meters high, with a gilded knob on the top, and three double eaves on the way up. The blue eaves are covered with blue glazed tiles, symbolic of the sky.
The internal structure of the hall is unique, using 28 massive wooden pillars and 36 square rafters, interlocked without nails to support the entire structure. There is no steel and cement used.
The four dragon pillars in the center are 19 meters high and 1.2 meters in diameter, representing the four seasons. The twelve gold pillars in the middle circle represent the 12 months of the year, and the 12 pillars in the outer circle represent the 12 divisions of day and night.
The 24 pillars together in the middle and outer circles represent the twenty-four solar terms of a year. And the 28 pillars taken together represent the lunar mansions. A circular marble stone with naturally-occurring dragon and phoenix patterns lies in the center of the hall.
The hall lies on the a circular marble base, which covers an area of 5,900 square meters, six meters high and divided into three tiers. Each floor has marble railings with flowery carvings. There are other rectangular, blue-roofed buildings standing around the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests.
Other facts:
The Hall is a cone-shaped structure
It has three roofs. Originally, the tiles of each roof were painted in different colors. The top was blue, which symbolized Heaven, the middle was yellow to symbolize the emperor and the bottom was green to represent commoners. Now all the tiles are blue to follow the color of the sky.
The hall is 32 meters high and 30 meters in diameter. In the past, the hall was one of the highest buildings in Beijing.
Despite its size, only 28 massive wooden pillars support the entire structure.
In 1998, the Temple of Heaven was inscribed on the World Heritage List by the UNESCO.

With profound cultural connotations and imposing architectural styles, The Temple of Heaven is considered a reflection of the ancient civilization of the Orient