Rhythm is a harmonic sequence of occupied space, free space or repeated forms in an image. Any kind of sequence describes a trajectory that organises a surface and gives the impression of dynamic impulses. These trajectories can be horizontal, vertical, sloping, concurrent in same point…
Uniform rhythm: this takes place when we repeat the
same form in a constant and regular way.
Alternate rhythm: alternation is the repetition of a
filled-space element followed by an empty one. The use of two or more elements
with different positioning, shape, size, colour or texture accentuates the
dynamism of the sequence.
Increasing and decreasing rhythm: we create this type
of rhythm by successively changing size, thickness, height or colour.
Radial and concentric rhythm: when elements start as a
central point and open outwards in a sequential way, rhythm is organised by
imaginary radii. In the same way, concentric rhythm stars as the centre and the
elements expand out towards the outside.
Modular rhythm: a module is a set of grouped forms
that create a visual unit when put together. Just like rhythms using only one
form, modular ones can create a uniform rhythm, an alternate rhythm with two or
more modules, an increasing rhythm…
Symmetrical rhythm: this is another way of generating
sequences either with just one form or with modular visual units.
Rhythmic surfaces: this rhythm can move in all
directions, crossing and occupying the entire surface.
Free rhythm: to work with free rhythms easily, you
should distribute the forms on an imaginary line that follows a sequential
path. The only thing you should keep in mind is the repetition of the elements
of the composition.